The apricot tree has grown for thousands of years on the slopes of mountains in Asia and for at least two thousand years in Europe. Apricot belongs to the genus Prunus. The apricot species belongs to a wide geographical area. Archaeological excavations in the Garni region of Armenia have revealed its seeds. Despite the large number of species of this fruit that grow in Armenia (about 50 species), it is thought to have originated in Armenia. But according to Vavilov, the origin of apricots is a region of China and its domestication has taken place in this region.
Carrot (Daucus carota L) Carrot from the genus Umbellifera is a cold-season crop and a biennial plant that has edible roots that flowers and produces seeds in the second year. Grows well at 15 to 20 degrees Celsius.
Carrots need an acidity (pH) of 6 to 7 to grow in deep sandy loam soils (for better root growth). It can be cultivated at altitudes above 1500 meters with reliable irrigation. At altitudes between 1,000 and 1,500 meters, it can be planted from July to February.
Watermelon or watermelon (scientific name: Citrullus lanatus) is a species of plant and fruit of the squash genus and summer group that grows in Jaliz. It originated in South Africa. It is a large, broad, annual plant with a base. It has a creeping stem and broad, hairy leaves with deep incisions and white or yellow flowers. It is planted with its large edible fruit, which is a special kind of set with thick skin and no division. The skin of the watermelon is thick, smooth and green, and most have dark green streaks or yellow spots. The flesh is sweet and juicy and more or less magenta-colored or pink. Sometimes the flesh is orange, yellow or white. It has many seeds that may be white and soft or black and hard.
Dates are a heavenly and very nutritious fruit, which has many minerals such as iron, potassium, zinc, manganese and vitamins A, B and E.
As we know, orange is one of the oldest and most widely used citrus fruits that humans have ever used.
Cherries are one of the most delicious and popular fruits. This fruit is sweet and juicy, small and in colors from yellow to reddish black. The core of the cherry is very firm and small, surrounded by flesh. The cherry season is early July and late May. The height of the cherry tree is between 6 and 9 meters.
In all cool climates, apples have been a very important food. Compared to other tree fruits (probably “except citrus), apples can be stored for months while still retaining their nutritional value.
Winter apples harvested in late autumn and stored at high freezing temperatures in the refrigerator or apple room
Pomegranate is a shrub native to Iran, which has a long history of cultivation in this country and Iran is one of the largest producers of pomegranates in the world. This fruit is used in traditional medicine due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties as well as its sedative properties. Extracts from different parts of pomegranate fruit are rich in phenolic compounds and its skin extract and seed oil have very strong antioxidant activity that can be used to inactivate free radicals. Algic acid (EA) is one of the compounds in pomegranate peel that the structure and phenolic nature of this compound causes its strong antioxidant activity. The inhibitory effect of pomegranate seed oil on breast and skin cancer has been reported