One of the most important and inseparable parts in the export of any commodity is its transportation. The export of any goods, regardless of whether it is done by land or air, needs to be loaded at some point along the route, ie from origin to destination. One of the things that leads to the health of the goods until delivery is the observance of the principles of product loading and delivery
The importance of safe transportation in the export of fruits and vegetables
This issue becomes more important in the export of fruits and vegetables. This is because these products need to be refrigerated to maintain the right temperature to stay fresh. In addition to paying attention to the packaging of fruits and vegetables, which should be in accordance with the standard of each product, you should follow the safety tips in exporting fruits and vegetables, even when transported by truck, so as not to harm the exporter or importer.
Loading fruits and vegetables from the origin
The fruit and vegetable truck driver is an important part of the export goods transportation industry and is responsible for transporting fresh goods from the production center (origin) to the final sales center. The truck driver must comply with all safety standards related to driving commercial trucks and transporting exported fruits and vegetables.
In the export of fruits and vegetables, which normally require refrigeration, the driver must control the temperature and conditions to prevent damage to the product. Among the driver’s duties is to complete and send documents at the beginning and end of the trip.
The truck driver receives fruit and vegetable shipments at a point of origin, which can include a garden, farm or greenhouse, and even customs, ports and airports (it may even help load the product inside the truck But it is important to be fully aware of the optimal conditions required to maintain the product
For example, some fruits and vegetables may need to be refrigerated at a certain temperature. While other products such as potatoes or corn may not need refrigeration and their export packaging can even be open. In addition, the driver must be fully aware of the load capacity of the truck in accordance with the laws of origin and destination
He must also be sure of the health of the product before loading, so he must carefully check it after loading the export product so that, for example, no hole is created for air to penetrate the load. After loading the truck, the driver must fully review and have the necessary documents with details and specifications of the load
When transporting fruits and vegetables
The driver must ensure that special road and weather conditions do not affect the safety and freshness of the product. Cans and containers must be properly aligned to have the required strength. The driver should check the temperature outside the truck and, if necessary, adjust the temperature inside the truck accordingly.
Some products such as onions, garlic and ginger require low relative humidity to export fresh fruits and vegetables, while most other fruits and vegetables require much higher humidity. To prevent them from plasticizing, the driver must ensure that the relative humidity is at a proper level during transport.
If the product is not transported in a closed truck and the truck is open, the driver should avoid possible actions and be aware of the product being damaged, and fruits or vegetables may need to be transported with a shaded cover.
Delivery of fruits and vegetables to the destination
The truck carrying the exported fruits and vegetables must arrive at the destination according to the set schedule. When delivering the shipment, a representative from the contract will check the health of the fruit and vegetables and also match the size, weight and health of the product with what is stated in the contract and when the product is loaded.
In cases where it is used to carry the refrigerator product, check its temperature to be at the desired temperature and ready to cool. Goods that are heated during shipment may need to be cooled immediately before being placed in the refrigeration unit.